IGLP Workshop Alum, Karim Ginena, 
Senior Researcher at the Center for Islamic Economics & Finance, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, is pleased to announce the recent publication of a journal article titled Deutsche Bank and the Use of Promises in Islamic Finance Contractsco-authored with Jon Truby in the Virginia Law & Business Review  Vol 7 (4), 620 – 649. 

**Also Available on SSRN


This paper examines the concept of a promise, an essential tool for Islamic financial transactions that has facilitated the development of structured Sharī‘ah-compliant financing arrangements and mitigated much of the risk that Islamic financial institutions encounter.  The study explores jurists’ opinions regarding the extent that unilateral and bilateral promises are religiously binding and enforceable in a court of Islamic law. It classifies bilateral promises (muwā‘adah) into non-binding non-enforceable promises and binding enforceable promises, and contends that the latter category takes the constructive ruling of a contract (fī ḥukm al-‘aqd). The paper argues that Islamic contracts can be added to a future time or made contingent upon the fulfillment of a condition so long as they meet some general guidelines.